Research Roundup: Microsoft Strontium Sinkhole Domain Sibling

Howdy, and welcome to the ThreatConnect Research Roundup, a collection of recent findings by our Research Team and items from open source publications that have resulted in Observations of related indicators across ThreatConnect’s CAL™ (Collective Analytics Layer).

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In this edition, we cover:

  • Strontium
  • APT34
  • RedDelta PlugX
  • Emotet

 

Roundup Highlight: Microsoft Strontium Sinkhole Domain Sibling

20200915A: Microsoft Strontium Sinkhole Domain Sibling

 

Our highlight in this Roundup in Incident 20200915A: Microsoft Strontium Sinkhole Domain Sibling. ThreatConnect Research reviewed the domain drive365us[.]com — a domain registered through BAcloud on June 10 2020 and previously hosted at 217.138.197[.]158 — which began resolving to a Microsoft sinkhole previously used for Strontium / Fancy Bear / APT28 infrastructure in mid September 2020.

On June 15 2020, a Let’s Encrypt SSL certificate was created for drive365us[.]com and wildcard subdomains. The following subdomains have been observed for the domain and may indicate that government organizations in Turkey and Kosovo were targeted with this infrastructure or otherwise spoofed in the operations:

aadcdnmsftauth.drive365us[.]com

epostamfagov.drive365us[.]com

loginmicrosoftonline.drive365us[.]com

mailipinst.drive365us[.]com

mfa-tr.drive365us[.]com

outlookoffice365.drive365us[.]com

owapism.drive365us[.]com

r4resoffice365.drive365us[.]com

webmaileulex-kosovo.drive365us[.]com

wwwoffice.drive365us[.]com

It’s important to note that since a wildcard subdomain SSL certificate was in use, the identified subdomain resolution may not have been intentionally created by the actor and instead the result of a third party’s browsing or scanning.

Searching other domains for some of the possibly unique subdomain string “aadcdnmsftauth”, we identified another domain probably related to Strontium — office365eu1[.]com. This domain was registered through Njalla on December 3 2019 and is currently hosted at 185.189.115[.]54, with previous resolutions at 188.93.90[.]43 and 185.245.85[.]182. Identified subdomains include the following and may indicate additional targets in Georgia and Jordan:

aadcdnmsauth.office365eu1[.]com

aadcdnmsftauth.office365eu1[.]com

accountsgoogle.office365eu1[.]com

adservicegoogle.office365eu1[.]com

loginmicrosoftonline.office365eu1[.]com

maildeltagov.office365eu1[.]com

mailjafmil.office365eu1[.]com

outlookoffice365.office365eu1[.]com

Similar to drive365us[.]com, Let’s Encrypt SSL certificates for wildcard subdomains have been created for office365eu1[.]com, so the aforementioned subdomains are not definitively indicative of the actor’s operations.

ThreatConnect Research Team Intelligence: Items recently created or updated in the ThreatConnect Common Community by our Research Team.

Technical Blogs and Reports Incidents with Active and Observed Indicators: Incidents associated to one or more Indicators with an Active status and at least one global Observation across the ThreatConnect community. These analytics are provided by ThreatConnect’s CAL™ (Collective Analytics Layer).

 

 

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ThreatConnect Research Team

The ThreatConnect Research Team: is an elite group of globally-acknowledged cybersecurity experts, dedicated to tracking down existing and emerging cyber threats. We scrutinize trends, technology and socio-political motivators to develop comprehensive knowledge of the cyber landscape. Then, we share what we’ve learned so that you can protect your organization, and your team can take precise action against threats.